Nursing Jobs, Nurse Training
There is a shortage of nurses, and a high-paying job may be found if you are able to graduate, but having chosen to become a nurse, please be aware that the education required is very challenging. Community colleges may offer an Associate of Science in Nursing degree, and some diploma programs award certificates in practical nursing. Nursing training takes between 12 and 18 months based on your ability. Deciding whether to get an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree depends on your career goals and budget limitations. Most people do not have the means to attend four straight years of college, and by completing an associate’s degree, you can begin work immediately. Practice your skills on the following multiple-choice nursing tests. Each has 10 questions, and there's no sign up required, just straight to the test.
After you begin your career as a nurse, the hospital or clinic that you are working for may offer tuition assistance to help attain a bachelor’s or master’s degree. In most cases, an associates degree is a sufficient credential to work in general nursing. While working as an Licensed Vocational Nurse (LVN), you will have a limited scope of care that you can provide legally. You may offer basic patient care and perform tasks that do not require nursing judgment or advanced decision-making. You also cannot administer medication, start or provide intravenous therapy. However, if you want to work as a nurse in a specialized field such as oncology, you'll need to further your nursing education at a later time, and earn a bachelor’s degree.
University nursing degrees, such as the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, followed by the Master of Science in Nursing Practice, reward graduates with advanced education, additional applied training, and higher starting salaries. However, these programs require 4 years of college, and tuition can be quite expensive.
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If you are already employed in the medical field but want to make a career as a nurse, you may enroll in school to become an RN and not need to start as an Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN). As an Registered Nurse (RN) with an associate’s degree, you are able to provide nursing care, as well as evaluate patients. You may wish to contact large hospitals that are in your area to inquire if they have a school of nursing. No matter where you decide to attend school, make sure that the school is accredited by the State Board of Nursing. Working as an Registered Nurse gives you a much larger scope of practice than that of an LVN. Being an RN also means that you are in most cases responsible for supervising LVNs.
After completing your nursing education, you must be licensed by the state in which you'll be practicing. The state boards of nursing each have their own specific certification criteria. In general, the requirements include completion of a degree in nursing, and board certification by the relevant accrediting body. The two biggest certifying bodies are the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP). The license period varies by individual state, but is usually valid for either two or three years, at which time you'll need to renew.
Registered nurses (RNs) are not required to be certified in a certain specialty by state law. For example, it is not necessary to be a Certified Medical-Surgical Registered Nurse (CMSRN) to work on a hospital Medical-Surgical (MedSurg) floor, and most MedSurg nurses are not CMSRNs. Certified nurses may earn a higher salary than their non-certified nursing colleagues. In the US and Canada, many nurses become certified in a particular specialty area. There are well over 200 nursing specialties and subspecialties.
To keep your license current, you must take continuing education courses, and renew your license every few years. In any event, you'll wish to stay up to date on the newest advancements in nursing. There are a fixed number of credits that each state requires, and if you work in a hospital facility, these courses may be offered on-site.
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Education to become a nurse practitioner (NP) is rigorous and requires advanced coursework beyond that required of a registered nurse (RN). Curriculum includes courses in epidemiology, physiology, pharmacology, differential diagnosis, laboratory diagnostics, radiology, statistics and research methods, health policy, leadership, chronic disease management. MSN programs also require a thesis paper or clinical research project completion.
Nurses treat both physical and mental conditions through comprehensive history taking, physical exams, and ordering diagnostic tests. Duties and responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following:
Nursing diagnoses, evaluation, and management of acute and chronic illnesses.
Obtaining medical histories, and conducting physical examinations.
Ordering, and performing diagnostic studies (routine lab tests, bone x-rays, EKGs).
Requesting physical therapy, and rehabilitation treatments.
Recommending prenatal care and family planning services.
Providing child care, including screening and immunizations.
Providing care for patients in acute and critical care settings.
Performing or assisting in minor surgeries and procedures, such as biopsies, suturing, and casting.
Counseling services, and educating patients on health issues, self-care skills, and treatment options.
US Nursing Organizations
American Nurses Association
National League for Nursing
American Journal of Nursing
National Student Nurses' Association
McGraw-Hill animations showing DNA replication, genetic engineering, elements of cellular biology, and major experiments.
Adult nurse practitioner
Certified Medical Assistant
Certified Radiologic Nurse
Geriatric nurse practitioner
Legal Nurse Consultant
Long Term Care
Mental Health Nurse
Public Health Nurse
Women's Health Care
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Sodium-Potassium Exchange Pump
Endocytosis and Exocytosis
Intracellular Receptors Regulating Gene Transcription
Feedback Inhibition of Biochemical Pathways
Electron Transport System and ATP Synthesis
Cyclic and Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
Bidirectional Replication of DNA
Stages of Meiosis
Hershey and Chase Experiment
Meselson and Stahl Experiment
DNA Replication Fork
How Nucleotides are Added in DNA Replication
How Spliceosomes Process RNA
Early Genetic Engineering Experiment
Steps in Cloning a Gene
Polymerase Chain Reaction
The Ti Plasmid
The Tryptophan Repressor
Combination of Switches - the Lac Operon
Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes
Transcription Complex and Enhancers
Integration and Excision of a Plasmid
Mechanism of Transposition
Control of the Cell Cycle
Conjugation with F Plasmid
Tumor Suppressor Genes Blocking Cell Division
Treatment of HIV
Malaria - Life Cycle of Plasmodium
Function of the Neuromuscular Junction
Mechanism of Steroid Hormone Action
Mechanism of Thyroxine Action
Action of Epinephrine on a Liver Cell
Cytotoxic T-cell Activity Against Target Cells
Interaction of Antigen Presenting Cells and T-helper Cells
Monoclonal Antibody Production
Occupational health nursing
Falls are a common cause of occupational injuries and fatalities, especially in construction, extraction, transportation, healthcare, and building cleaning and maintenance.
Machines are commonplace in many industries, including manufacturing, mining, construction and agriculture, and can be dangerous to workers. Many machines involve moving parts, sharp edges, hot surfaces and other hazards with the potential to crush, burn, cut, shear, stab or otherwise strike or wound workers if used unsafely. Various safety measures exist to minimize these hazards, including lockout-tagout procedures for machine maintenance and roll over protection systems for vehicles. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, machine-related injuries were responsible for 64,170 cases that required days away from work in 2008. More than a quarter of these cases required more than 31 days spent away from work. That same year, machines were the primary or secondary source of over 600 work-related fatalities. Machines are also often involved indirectly in worker deaths and injuries, such as in cases in which a worker slips and falls, possibly upon a sharp or pointed object.
Confined spaces also present a work hazard. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health defines "confined space" as having limited openings for entry and exit and unfavorable natural ventilation, and which is not intended for continuous employee occupancy. These kind of spaces can include storage tanks, ship compartments, sewers, and pipelines.
Noise also presents a fairly common workplace hazard: occupational hearing loss is the most common work-related injury in the United States, with 22 million workers exposed to hazardous noise levels at work and an estimated $242 million spent annually on worker's compensation for hearing loss disability. Noise is not the only source of occupational hearing loss; exposure to chemicals such as aromatic solvents and metals including lead, arsenic, and mercury can also cause hearing loss.
Temperature extremes can also pose a danger. Heat stress can cause heat stroke, exhaustion, cramps, and rashes. Heat can also fog up safety glasses or cause sweaty palms or dizziness, all of which increase the risk of other injuries. Workers near hot surfaces or steam also are at risk for burns. Dehydration may also result from overexposure to heat. Cold stress also poses a danger to many workers. Overexposure to cold conditions or extreme cold can lead to hypothermia or frostbite.
Electricity poses a danger to many workers. Electrical injuries can be divided into four types: fatal electrocution, electric shock, burns, and falls caused by contact with electric energy.
American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (AAOHN)
American Board for Occupational Health Nursing (ABOHN)
Nurses in Occupational Health
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Obstetrics nursing, also called perinatal nursing, is a nursing specialty that focuses on helping patients who are attempting to become pregnant, or have recently delivered a baby. Obstetrical nurses provide prenatal care and testing, and assist patients experiencing complications, either during labor or in delivery. Obstetrical nurses work closely with obstetricians, midwives, and nurse practitioners. They also provide supervision of patient care technicians and surgical technologists. Perinatal nurses perform post-operative care, conduct stress-test evaluations, and perform cardiac monitoring. Obstetrical nurses must possess specialized skills, and must have the ability to function in a variety of clinical environments.