Healthcare jobs such as Registered Nurses, LPN's, LVN's and related Medical Technicians provide over 15 million jobs, and
ten of the 20 fastest growing occupations are healthcare-related. Most healthcare workers have jobs that require less than
4 years of college education, such as health technologists and technicians, medical records, billing and coding, health information
technicians, diagnostic medical sonographers, radiologic technologists and technicians, and dental hygienists. As people age they
have more medical problems, and hospitals will require more staff. Wages vary by the employer and area of the county. Aside from their
salary, most medical jobs include excellent benefits, as well as retirement plans.
Medical assistants complete administrative and clinical
tasks in the offices of physicians, hospitals, and other healthcare facilities. Training programs in medical assisting take
about 1 year to complete, and lead to a certificate or degree. Some community colleges offer 2-year programs that lead to an
associate's degree, with classroom and labs in anatomy and medical terminology. Medical assistants also learn how to code both
paper and electronic health records (EHRs) and how to record patient information. There may be additional months of on-the-job
training to complete, depending on the medical facility.
The National Commission for Certifying Agencies offers several certifications for medical assistants; Certified Medical
Assistant (CMA), Registered Medical Assistant (RMA), Certified Clinical Medical Assistant (CCMA), and Certified Medical
Administrative Assistant (CMAA). Contact your state board of medicine for more information. Medical assistants held about
600,000 jobs in 2018, with a salary of approximately $35,590. Employment of medical assistants is projected to grow 23% yearly
through 2025, much faster than average.
Emergency medical technicians (EMT) and paramedics care
for the injured in a variety of emergency medical settings. People's lives depend on their quick reaction times and competent
care. Programs in emergency medical technology (EMT Training) are offered by technical institutes, community colleges, and
facilities that specialize in emergency care training. Programs at the EMT level include instruction in assessing patients'
conditions, dealing with trauma and cardiac emergencies, clearing obstructed airways, and using field equipment. EMT courses
include about 150 hours of specialized instruction, and clinical training can be in a hospital or ambulance setting. At the
'Advanced EMT' level, there are 400 hours of instruction, where candidates learn skills such as using complex airway devices,
administering intravenous fluids, and giving some medications.
Paramedics, by comparison, have the most advanced
training. They first must complete both the EMT and 'Advanced EMT' levels of instruction, along with further practice in
advanced medical skills. Colleges and technical schools may offer programs which require about 1,200 hours to complete, leading
to either an associates or bachelors degree. All states require both EMTs and paramedics to be licensed. The National Registry
of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certifies EMTs and paramedics. Finally, most EMTs and paramedics take a course
ensuring that they are able to drive an ambulance. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of emergency
medical technicians (EMT) and paramedics is projected to grow 25 percent from 2018 to 2028, much faster than average. The
average annual wage for EMTs and paramedics was $37,980 in May 2018.
Phlebotomists draw blood for tests, transfusions,
research, or blood donations. Phlebotomy programs are available from community colleges, vocational schools, or technical
schools. These programs usually take less than 1 year to complete, including classes in anatomy, physiology, medical
terminology, and laboratory work, and lead to a certificate or diploma. Further, phlebotomists must learn specific
procedures on how to identify, label, and track blood samples. The National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT), National
Healthcareer Association (NHA), the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), and the American Medical Technologists
(AMT) offer Phlebotomy Technician certifications. The average annual salary for phlebotomists was $37,630 in May 2018, and
employment of phlebotomists is projected to grow 25 percent over the next 10 years.
Anatomy Courses Online
Basic Human Anatomy
Human Skeleton and
Intro to Circulatory System
Intro to Respiratory System
Intro to Endocrine System
Free Medical Courses Online
Intro to Biology
A brief introduction to the field of biology by Khan Academy.
Cell structure, prokaryotic cells, eukaryotic cells, plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus and ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum and golgi bodies, mitochondria, chloroplasts, peroxisomes, cytoskeleton, extracellular matrix, cell walls, cell junctions.
Fluid mosaic model, diffusion, osmosis, plasma membrane, concentration gradients, selective permeability, facilitated diffusion, passive transport, active transport, sodium potassium pump, electrochemical gradients, immune cells, membrane, endocytosis, phagocytosis, exocytosis.
ATP: Adenosine triphosphate, ATP hydrolysis, Oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, fermentation, cellular respiration, Glycolysis.
Fertilization, sperm, eggs, gametes, zygotes, germ cells, chromosomes, chromatids,
cell division, phases of mitosis, meiosis, cell cycle regulation, cancer, and stem cells.
Radiologic and MRI Technologists perform diagnostic medical imaging examinations, such as x-rays, on patients. MRI technologists operate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to create diagnostic images. Radiation therapists treat cancer and other diseases by administering radiation treatments. Nuclear medicine technologists prepare radioactive drugs and administer them to patients. The radioactive dye cause abnormal areas of the body to appear stand out from unaffected areas in the images. An associate’s degree is the minimum requirement for radiologic and MRI technologists. In addition, you may pursue a graduate certificate or bachelor’s degree. Training programs include both classroom study and clinical work. Courses include anatomy, pathology, patient care, radiation physics and protection, and image evaluation.
The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT) accredits programs in radiography. To become licensed, technologists must graduate from an accredited program, and pass a certifying exam. Certifications for radiologic technologists are available from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT). Certifications for MRI technologists are available from the American Registry of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists (ARMRIT). The average salary for radiation therapists was $70,220 in May 2015. Further, job openings for radiation therapists are projected to grow 14% over the next decade, much faster than the average for all occupations.
Respiratory therapists care for patients who have trouble breathing from a chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma or emphysema. Their patients range from premature infants with undeveloped lungs to elderly patients who have diseased lungs. Respiratory therapists need at least an associate’s degree, but employers may prefer applicants who have a bachelor’s degree. Courses deal with therapeutic and diagnostic procedures and tests, equipment, patient assessment, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). In addition to coursework, programs have clinical components that allow respiratory therapists to gain supervised, practical experience in treating patients. Average salaries in 2015 were about $57,790 per year. Employment of respiratory therapists is projected to grow 12 percent from 2014 to 2024. Growth in the elderly population will lead to an increased incidence of respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pneumonia.
Licensure requirements in most states include passing a state or professional certification exam. The National Board for Respiratory Care (NBRC) is the main certifying body for respiratory therapists. The Board offers two levels of certification: Certified Respiratory Therapist (CRT) and Registered Respiratory Therapist. CRT is the first-level certification. Applicants must have earned an associate’s degree from an accredited respiratory therapy program, or completed the equivalent coursework in a bachelor’s degree program, and pass an exam. The second-level certification is RRT certification. Applicants must already have CRT certification, meet other education or experience requirements, and pass an exam.
Surgical technologists, also called operating room technicians, assist in surgical operations. They prepare operating rooms, arrange equipment, and help doctors during surgeries. Surgical technologists typically need a postsecondary certificate or an associate’s degree. The average wage for surgical technologists was $44,330 in May 2015. Employment chances may improve up to 15 percent from 2014 to 2024. Many community colleges and vocational schools, as well as some hospitals, have accredited programs in surgical technology. Surgical technologists are trained in the care and safety of patients, sterilization techniques, how to set up technical or robotic equipment, and preventing infections. First surgical assistants may complete a formal education program in surgical assisting. Others may work as a surgical technologist, and receive additional on-the-job training before becoming a first assistant.
Certification through The National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting allows the use of the title 'Certified Surgical Technologist (CST).' Certification through the National Center for Competency Testing allows the use of the title 'Tech in Surgery - Certified (NCCT).' The National Board of Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting, the National Commission for the Certification of Surgical Assistants, and the American Board of Surgical Assistants offer certification for surgical assistants.
The following is a listing of pages from the US Library of Medicine,
outlining common disease symptoms and treatment options.
source: National Library of Medicine
, of the National Institutes of Health.